Inspecting the interior
Inspecting the Interior of the Home
After I have inspected the exterior of the home, roof and attic, I start inspecting the interior of the house. I usually start with the bathrooms. According to the California Real Estate Inspections Association "Standards of Practice" listed under Section 9. (Building Interiors) The inspector is required to inspect: 1. Walls, ceiling, and floors. 2. Doors and windows. 3. Stairways, handrails, and guardrails. 4. Permanently installed cabinets. 5. Permanently installed cook-tops, mechanical range vents, ovens, dishwashers, and food waste disposers. 6. Absence of smoke alarms. For the plumbing area of the interior, the inspector is required to inspect under Section 5 (Plumbing) 2. Drains, waste and venting piping. 3. Fixtures and faucets. And for the electrical area of the interior, the inspector is required to inspect under Section 6 (Electrical) 4. Switches, receptacles, outlets, and lighting fixtures.
The inspector is not required to inspect: 1. windows, doors, or floor coverings. 2. Determine whether a building is secure from unauthorized entry. 3. Operate or test smoke alarms 4. Use a ladder to inspect systems or components. Under plumbing: 1. Fill any fixture with water, inspect overflow drains or drain-stops, or evaluate backflow devices, waste ejectors, sump pumps, or drain line cleanouts. 2. Inspect or evaluate water temperature balancing devices, temperature fluctuation, time to obtain hot water, water circulation, or solar heating systems or components. Under Electrical: 2. Remove cover plates. To read the complete Standards of Practice please visit www.CREIA.org .
Keep in mind that this is a visual inspection and that inspectors do not move any furniture or personal item that may be blocking out view.
Now that you know what home inspector are required to inspect, let's start. In all interior rooms, I'm checking the walls, ceiling, floors, doors and windows (if any) for proper operation. Iím going to test all accessible light switches, lighting fixtures and check the receptacles for proper wiring. Iím also checking for missing plate covers since this is a safety hazard if a child were to put their finger into the junction box. In the bathroom , I'm testing the Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) and making sure it trips. In the bathrooms I'm making sure there are no water leaks in the faucets and that the hot water is located on the left hand side. I'm also checking for drain leaks and proper drain flow. Does the toilet flush properly and is it securely fastened to the floor.
The windows in the bedrooms have two extra items home inspectors look for. 1. The height of the window sill, is it low enough for a child to climb out if there is a fire in the hallway, and 2. The size of the window opening, Is the opening large enough for a firemen to climb in with his back pack on. These egress requirements are a concern if there was a fire.
The living areas, stairs and hallways have a few extra requirements also. Whenever you walk into a room you must be able to turn on a switched light or receptacle or in the case of a hallway or stairway, we check to see if the 3-way light switch is properly working.